Treaty of Tordesillas
What were the
positive and negative effects did
House of Burgesses
King Philipís War
Why did the Spanish
encourage settlement in the Southeast, Southwest, and West Coast regions of
challenges the English faced in settling
List the reasonís
Why did English
Pilgrims come to
Why did conflicts develop between Native Americans and the English settlers?
What challenges did
the Puritan colonists face and why do you think they succeeded in establishing
permanent settlements in
colonies of New France,
What events led to† contributed to the outbreak of King Philipís War?
What was the Great Migration?
Why did the British
want to take over
Describe the groups
that settled in
List some of the reasons people settled in the Middle and Southern colonies.
Why was the colony
Balance of trade
what was the British governmentís policy toward the colonies after the rule of James II had ended?
List 4 causes contributing to salutary neglect
List 3 effects of salutary neglect
How were the economies
of the Southern, Middle, and
How did they differ?
How did the legal status of women differ from their actual importance in colonial society?
How was colonial society structured?
Why did everyone in an average colonial household have to work?
In what ways did the
skills that slaves brought from Africa allow the colonies of
Why was the Great Awakening an indirect challenge to the hierarchical social order of the British colonies?
What was the impact of colonial expansion?
Why was western
Describe the system of triangular trade used by New Englanders in the 1700ís.
What duties did
women perform in colonial
Give 4 reasons why
Why did colonists feel pressured to expand westward in the mid-1700ís?
French and Indian War
Proclamation of 1763
First Continental Congress
Second Continental Congress
Olive Branch Petition
Baron Friedrich von Steuben
Marquis de Lafayette
How did the French
and Indian War cause the colonists to rethink their relationship with
What were the major causes and effects of the war?
Why did the colonists protest new British taxes, and in what ways did they protest?
What were the causes and effects of the Stamp Act?
Describe some of the political ideals that influenced the outbreak of the American Revolution
Why was Thomas Paineís pamphlet Common Sense so important?
How did King George IIIís rejection of the Olive Branch Petition influence the Declaration of Independence?
contributed to important American victories at
How did the
What were the strengths and weaknesses of the Americans at the start of the war?
What were the strengths and weaknesses of the British?
What hardships did
American overcome to win the war against
Which battle of the Revolutionary War do you think was most important and why?
Why was foreign aid important to the Americans during the war?
What was the purpose of the Declaration of Independence?
Articles of Confederation
Separation of Powers
Checks & Balances
Bill of Rights
The Great Compromise
What kind of government structure did the Articles of Confederation create?
Why did some people support the Articles of Confederation while others opposed it?
What were the effects of Shay's rebellion?
Why was the year 1787 a turning point in American history?
Describe the structure of the government created by the Constitution.
What role did James Madison play at the Constitutional convention?
How did the Federalists win ratification of the Constitution?
Name a supporter of the Bill of Rights and explain his argument for it.
What roles did Jefferson and
What precedents did
What were the most important features of the Constitution?
Chapter 6, (sections 1,2,3, & 5)
Alien & Sedition Acts of 1798
Lewis & Clark Expedition
Who opposed the Federalists during the
How did the Sedition Act reflect the Federalists' position in the debate between order & liberty?
Why did the Jeffersonians win the presidential election of 1800?
Why was the election of 1800 significant in
the history of the
Describe the changes that
How was Alexander Hamilton able to change the national debt from a weakness into a strength?
Why was the federal government determined to crush the Whiskey Rebellion?
Summarize the views of the Federalists and Jeffersonian Republicans in the 1790's
How was Jefferson's enforcement of the Embargo
Act (1807) similar to
What was the goal of Gabriel Prosser's Rebellion?
What were the goals of the Lewis and Clark expedition?
What were the causes of the War of 1812?
Why was there a need to compromise over making
What issue was left unresolved by the Missouri Compromise?
Today we expect a peaceful transfer of power when Americans vote to change political parties. Why were people unable to make this assumption in the election of 1800?
Free enterprise system
John C. Calhoun
Tariff of 1828
Indian Removal Act
Trail of Tears
How did factories change the American economy in the early 1800ís?
How might the increase in the numbers of factory workers affect the demand for manufactured goods?
In what ways did the economy of the North change from 1800-1850?
How and why did the concept of ďgoing to workĒ change in parts of the North?
What benefits did centralized manufacturing offer?
What role did banks play in the economic growth of the early 1800ís?
In what ways did economic change in the North, link people together?
In what ways did it push them apart?
How did cotton growing change the South?
Compare and contrast the economics activities in the North and South.
How did geography cause the North and South to develop different economic systems?
What conditions led to the formation of labor unions?
Why, do you think, did southerners retire from their professions to become plantation owners?
How might this explain the southernersí defense of the slave system?
Why did most slave rebellions fail?
Why did nationalism gain, then lose popularity?
Give examples of nationalism in foreign policy and at home during the early 1820ís.
Why was the election of 1824 controversial?
Compare the views of John Quincy Adams, John C. Calhoun, Henry Clay, and Andrew Jackson.
In what ways did Andrew Jacksonís presidency represent a change from the past?
What issues did
What issues did he oppose?
Chapter 9: sections 2-4
William Lloyd Garrison
Declaration of Sentiments
Cult of Domesticity
Irish Potato Famine
What tactics did the abolitionist movement use to battle slavery?
Describe several effects of the abolitionist movement.
How did the role of women change in the mid-1800ís, and in what ways did it not change?
What were the causes and effects of the
Compare and contrast the views of Catherine Beecher and Elizabeth Cady Stanton regarding women and reform.
How and why did Americans become less united in the 1830ís and 1840ís?
What were the causes and effects of immigration in the 1840ís?
How did the reform movements deepen hostilities between the Northern and Southern sections of the nation?
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
John C. Fremont
How did horses and traders change the way of life of the Plains Indians?
How did the roles of Native American men and women change with the switch from agricultural culture to a nomadic way of life?
What caused the decline of village societies
Describe the way of life of the nomadic Plains Indians.
How did the Spanish try to strengthen their
Why did settlers in
What important changes took place in the areas
Name two effects of the increased trade
What caused thousands of Americans to begin migrating to the Oregon Country in the 1840ís?
What action by the United States Congress helped lead to the Mexican War?
How did the war against
Fugitive Slave Act††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††
Compromise of 1850
John C. Calhoun
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Some historians who think Northerners & Southerners were fairly similar believe war could have been avoided how?
What did Uncle Tomís Cabin attack?
By 1860, where were the largest cities in the
How were the North & South different by 1860?
What was the most important difference?
What were the provisions of the Compromise of 1850?
What did the Fugitive Slave Act specify?
How did John C. Calhoun view the North?
Why did the Whig party collapse in the 1850ís?
How did the Kansas-Nebraska Act affect slavery in the new territories?
Who were the main supporters of the republican party?
The Kansas-Nebraska bill gave
How did ďBleeding KansasĒ earned its name?
The decision in the case Scott v. Sanford protected whose rights?
In the 1858 Illinois Senate race, who did Stephen Douglas defeat?
Why did John Brown attack the federal arsenal at Harperís Ferry?
Why did Republicans choose Abraham Lincoln as their candidate?
Why did Southern states began to secede following the election of 1860?
Why did Secessionists believe that they had a
right to leave the
Why did the states from the Upper South secede?
Ulysses S. Grant
Robert E. Lee
William Tecumseh Sherman
Writ of Habeus Corpus
At the start of the war, how would the Southís basic strategy be described?
During the Civil War how did Union & Confederate governments try to increase the size of their armies?
During the early part of the war, what was
What major hardships did the Confederacy face during the war?
How did the Emancipation Proclamation affect African Americans?
How did Lee win a brilliant victory at Chancellorville?
Why did Lee cross into
When were Confederate forces at
Describe the geographic characteristics of
How did Grant finally succeed in taking
Why were Union victories at
Describe the war strategies of Grant and Sherman.
How were the battles of the Wilderness,
What did George McClellan say he would do if he were elected President in 1864?
The passage of the 13th Amendment
showed that Congress accepted
Why did Lee finally surrender to Grant?
What happened at Fordís theater on April 14, 1865?
Johnsonís Reconstruction Plan
Reconstruction Act of 1867
Tenure of Office Act
Blanche K. Bruce
Compromise of 1877
Name 3 major problems the South faced at the end of the Civil War.
How did Johnsonís Reconstruction Plan differ
What challenges faced the three groups of southerners after the Civil War?
How did African Americans try to improve their lives after emancipation?
Why was it more difficult for freedmen to exercise their freedom to own land than it was for them to exercise their freedoms to worship or become educated?
Why did Congress take over Reconstruction and what policies did it create?
What were the goals of the 14th and 15th Amendments?
What were the effects of Radical Reconstruction?
How did Republicans gain control of southern governments?
How were Reconstruction legislatures unique in American history?
What effects did Reconstruction have on agriculture and industry in the South?
Describe the sharecropperís cycle of debt.
What were some of the major successes and failures of Reconstruction?
What were the events that led to the Compromise of 1877?
What tactics did some white southerners use to challenge Reconstruction?
When and why did Reconstruction end?